Spring+MyBatis组合开发简单实例

简介

SSH框架很强大,适合大型项目开发。但学无止境,多学会一门框架组合开发会让自己增值许多。
SSM框架小巧精致,适合中小型项目快速开发,对于新手来说也是简单上手的。在SSM框架搭建之前,我们先学习组合Spring+MyBatis,下面开始简单实例。


实例

第一步——导包

Spring框架包及其依赖包+MyBatis框架包及其依赖包+EhCache架包+C3P0架包+MySql驱动包

本实例架包目录如下:
jar

实例项目结构如下:
项目结构
项目结构

第二步——各种配置文件

SpringMVC配置文件(ApplicationContext.xml)

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
xsi:schemaLocation="
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd">
<!-- bean definitions here -->
<context:component-scan base-package="cn.pwc" />
<bean id="dataSource"
class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
<property name="driverClass" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
<property name="jdbcUrl" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/db_pwc" />
<property name="user" value="pwc" />
<property name="password" value="123456" />
<property name="maxPoolSize" value="20" />
<property name="minPoolSize" value="1" />
<property name="initialPoolSize" value="3" />
<property name="maxIdleTime" value="60" />
</bean>
<bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
<property name="configLocation" value="SqlMapConfig.xml" />
<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
</bean>
<bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
<property name="basePackage" value="cn.pwc.dao"/>
<property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"/>
</bean>
</beans>

1.配置C3P0连接池bean和SqlSessionFactory工厂类bean
2.该实例使用Mapper代理,因此需配置MapperScannerConfigurer的bean
3.该bean的basePackage属性值为自动扫描的Mapper.xml的所在包
4.扫描到的Mapper会自动实例化装载,实例的bean名为第一个字母为小写的Mapper接口名,例如该实例接口为UserMapper.java,实例化bean名为userMapper。

MyBatis配置文件(SqlMapConfig.xml)

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
"http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
<settings>
<setting name="cacheEnabled" value="true"/>
</settings>
<mappers>
<package name="cn.pwc"/>
</mappers>
</configuration>

Spring管理

因为Spring管理各个层,DAO层配置,连接池等都交给Spring配置,因此MyBatis配置只需写简单全局设置和Mapper.xml自动扫描配置。
这里全局配置打开了二级缓存,即cacheEnabled设置为true

MyBatis的Mapper配置文件(UserMapper.xml)

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
"http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="cn.pwc.dao.UserMapper">
<cache type="org.mybatis.caches.ehcache.EhcacheCache" />
<select id="findById" parameterType="int" resultType="cn.pwc.pojo.User">
SELECT * FROM user WHERE id=#{id}
</select>
<select id="findByAge" parameterType="int" resultType="cn.pwc.pojo.User">
SELECT * FROM user WHERE age=#{age}
</select>
<delete id="deleteById" parameterType="int">
DELETE FROM user WHERE id=#{id}
</delete>
<insert id="insert" parameterType="cn.pwc.pojo.User">
INSERT INTO user(name,age) VALUES(#{name},#{age})
</insert>
</mapper>

该ORM映射Mapper文件开启二级缓存,并指定为EhCache交给其管理

EhCache配置文件(ehcache.xml)

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ehcache>
<diskStore path="F:\cache_test" />
<defaultCache eternal="false" maxElementsInMemory="1000"
timeToIdleSeconds="20" timeToLiveSeconds="20" overflowToDisk="false"
maxEntriesLocalDisk="10000000"
diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds="20" memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU" />
</ehcache>

这里特别要注意overflowToDisk属性值,若为true,那么缓存的pojo类需继承Serializable接口

Log4j配置文件(log4j.properties)

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log4j.rootLogger=DEBUG, A1
log4j.appender.A1=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.A1.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.A1.layout.ConversionPattern=%-4r %-5p [%t] %37c %3x - %m%n

第三步——测试

测试类如下:

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package cn.pwc.test;
import org.mybatis.spring.support.SqlSessionDaoSupport;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
import cn.pwc.dao.UserMapper;
import cn.pwc.pojo.User;
public class Test extends SqlSessionDaoSupport{
public static void main(String[] args) {
ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("ApplicationContext.xml");
UserMapper mapper=(UserMapper) context.getBean("userMapper");
User user = mapper.findById(1);
System.out.println(user.toString());
User user2 = mapper.findById(1);
System.out.println(user2.toString());
User user3 = mapper.findById(1);
System.out.println(user3.toString());
User user4 = mapper.findById(1);
System.out.println(user4.toString());
context.close();
}
}